The client: Ms. Her case qualified for the Low Income Subsidy, and her application for the Extra Help low-income subsidy program for prescription medication was also processed.
We understood that Ms. Because Ms. She qualified for services through the CCE program. Her diabetes has left her severely visually impaired and unable to deal with homemaking duties. Because of the condition of her home, she was originally a high risk for Adult Protective Services.
Finally, the ADRC staff person confirmed with the agency staff that they were at the door and then assured Ms. Efforts were coordinated between the client and the agency until services began.
The outcome: Thanks to these efforts, Ms. F now receives homemaking assistance weekly. She continues to attend congregate meals and no additional services are required at this time.
The client: We recently received a call from a year-old family caregiver who had to quit her job after her year-old spouse suffered a stroke that left him unable to walk. The caregiver was placed in a very vulnerable position because her husband was still not able to qualify for Medicare due to his age.
The family did apply for food stamps and is receiving them. The outcome: The client was screened for various programs and will soon receive case-managed services. The ADRC also contacted an Older Americans Act provider and referred the family caregiver and the client for services under the Older Americans Act, including personal care assistance and homemaking services as well as in-home respite.
This assists the family in reducing certain stresses. Alliance for Aging, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Text Size: A A A. Home Consumers I Need Help!
Case Scenario 2 The client: Ms. Case Scenario 3 The client: We recently received a call from a year-old family caregiver who had to quit her job after her year-old spouse suffered a stroke that left him unable to walk.Qualitative interviews were conducted with 22 community-dwelling adults over age Participants were recruited from retirement communities, a low-income senior housing complex, and a continued learning center in San Diego County.
Two primary themes were identified as key to successful aging - i. A balance between these two constructs appeared critical. A need for interventions that address support systems and personally tailored information to make informed decisions and enhance coping strategies were also emphasized. Older adults viewed successful aging as a balance between self-acceptance and self-contentedness on one hand and engagement with life and self-growth in later life on the other.
This perspective supports the concept of wisdom as a major contributor to successful aging. Interventions to enhance successful aging may include those that promote productive and social engagement along with effective coping strategies. In the past several decades, increasing effort has been placed on understanding and defining what constitutes healthy or successful aging, broadening the focus of research on aging beyond physical disease and disability 1 — 7.
However, there remains little consensus about the definition and constituents of successful aging. However, several reports assessing subjective appraisals of successful aging indicate that a majority of older people believe they are aging well 3 ; 9 — Understanding what constitutes successful aging for older adults themselves, may help guide future definitions of successful aging and subsequently, the development of models of care, interventions, and policy reform.
Bowling and Iliffe 13 noted that a definition of successful aging based on lay perspectives was more predictive of quality of life than criteria based on physical functioning. These domains appeared to be interrelated such that engagement needed a foundation of security and stability whereas positive attitude and adaptation strategies seemed to compensate for physical disability. A single method of study is unlikely to adequately shed light on a multi-faceted phenomenon such as successful aging.
Triangulation use of multiple data sources is useful for developing a deeper understanding of a complex construct Accordingly, we wished to complement the results of our earlier focus group study with an investigation employing individual interviews. From a qualitative methods standpoint, both approaches may reveal similar constructs, but they can provide insights into different questions — focus groups may identify consensus aspects of positive aging i.
Thus, in the present study, we aimed to further examine the structure and attributes of successful aging, including the individual processes involved. We also asked study participants for their suggestions on how to age well and recommended interventions to promote healthy aging. Individual interviews were conducted with a purposively selected sample of 22 independent-living, community-dwelling adults over age 60, who were able to sign an informed consent. To obtain maximum variation 18 in perspectives and experience, recruitment occurred at four locations within San Diego County.
Eleven subjects were recruited from the independent living segments of two continuing care retirement communities, which provide multiple levels of care to residents. An additional four participants were recruited from a low-income senior housing residence located in downtown San Diego.
Potential participants were recruited through several means. Some individuals responded to flyers, which were posted at participating organizations and solicited participants who believed they were aging successfully.
Others were recruited based on recommendations from facility staff for individuals likely to be interested in the study. Third, previous participants of related studies being conducted at UCSD were contacted, if they had expressed an interest in further study participation.
Both studies included participants from a similar age range. Participants were aware in advance that the interview would consist of a discussion of their views on successful aging. Each participant provided a written informed consent for the study including audio-taping and transcription of the interviews prior to participation. Primary questions included: 1 How would you define successful aging? During each interview, the interviewer started with general questions, including those listed above.
Additional questions were asked, when needed, to elicit further details.Protecting children␙s privacy
Participants were interviewed by either of the first two authors. Qualitative research techniques outlined by Patton 18 served as the training manual. Interviews lasted for up to two hours in length, with the content of each interview audio taped and subsequently transcribed. The personal interview content was initially coded independently by the project investigators at a general level in order to condense the data into analyzable units.
Segments of transcripts ranging from a phrase to several paragraphs were assigned codes based on key questions from the personal interview guide or emergent categories or themes. In certain instances, it was appropriate for the same segment of text to be assigned more than one code.What is aging? Based on the collected information I have, I define aging —a multidimensional process of physiological, mental and social changes that occurred over the course of life.
Though it is beyond human control, aging experiences may vary between individuals. The age of 60 or 65, roughly.Yoshi sound effects download
Population aging is a shift in the distribution of a countries population towards older ages. This is usually reflected in an increase in the population mean and median ages a decline in the portion of the population composed of children, and a rise in the population that is elderly.
How population aging affects the age structure of a population is by fertility, mortality, and migration. Babies being born represents fertility, people dying represents mortality, and people moving represents migration. The changes include physical, social and psychological changes. Causes of aging are very uncertain. Besides, there are several factors which predispose an individual to premature aging.
Current theories suggest that this process occurs to due to cellular damage such as DNA oxidation by free radicals causing biological systems to fail.
Internal processes such as DNA methylation may also result in aging. Predisposing factors such as space escapades, use of chemically intoxicated substances. We all do it every day, but have you ever thought how it is going to affect the rest of your life or more importantly your career? Right now, I want you to think about the age of sixty-five. What words pop into your head when you think of someone sixty-five?
Those words. When a person thinks of aging, they can think of many things, from a baby getting taller, to an older person growing gray hair.
There is no helping it. While most people think of a person getting older as a person getting wrinkles, losing hair, and becoming more fragile, there are actually many other affects than just those.
There are visible effects, and effects that are not visible by just looking at someone. In this paper, both. Chapter 6, Youth and Aging, analyzes how age is percieved throughtout society as a whole. It looks at how the youth are treated and how the elderly are treated. I am very passionate about section 6. I think it is especially important as the dependency ratio is increasing and as the amount of elderly increase the amount of services they need will also increase.
The eldderly face many challenges as their. Many studies delve into the aging process, physical, mental and emotional to name a few. These studies have been cross-sectional, longitudinal as well as using cohorts to develop conclusions that will enlighten and enhance the aging process in society.
I do not want to get old. Why are we so afraid of aging? If the only way not to get old is to die, so why do we get so upset when we find the first white hair? It is probably because there are so many myths out there about old age. So, before we start crying. With the advances in economics and medical development as well as better health systems, Singaporeans now are having longer life. When we are young we never think about what we are going to be like when we are 80 or Kelly Gustafson is a licensed clinical geriatric psychologist who works in private practice serving patients in a comprehensive care clinic, in long-term care facilities, in assisted living facilities, and in her outpatient clinic.
She has specialized training in pain management, geriatric psychology, and health psychology. At the time, Maria had just suffered a right frontal lobe cerebrovascular accident CVA with left-sided hemiparesis and worsened urinary incontinence. Although she experienced dramatic deterioration in most areas of functioning, her greatest concern and self-reported origin of most of her anxiety surrounded her urinary incontinence and subsequent changes in privacy.
Maria reported that she was never married and had no children. She was an independent and successful woman up until her CVA. She designed preschool programs in her early adulthood and later worked as a social worker for low-income children and families. She went back to school to become a registered home health nurse. After retirement, she raised a therapy dog and visited nursing homes and hospitals.
The biggest blow to her self-esteem was that she now was the patient who relied on others for care, which was an extremely difficult reality for her to face.
Maria reported experiencing worsening urinary frequency and occasional urinary incontinence starting approximately 10 years ago, altering her quality of life. Over the years she increasingly focused on this physical symptom, while her social and professional life suffered, and she withdrew from many activities. While in rehabilitation, Maria interacted with staff and residents, used humor in most social environments, asserted ideas of hope and recovery, and stayed in contact with friends and family members in the community.
However, as time progressed she appeared to be more withdrawn, similar to her life pattern prior to her CVA. She isolated in her room between rehabilitation sessions, rarely spoke with other residents, and presented with increased anxiety and depression.
She used her call light at least every hour to request to go to the restroom. She often focused her attention on physical symptoms that could be related to a UTI. Even after results from multiple urinalyses were negative for an infection, she continued to question the accuracy of the results.Diagram based schematic diagram xbox 360 completed
Once we began talking about her urinary incontinence, common underlying themes were observed in session. She experienced sadness regarding the loss of independence and control in her life. Maria felt as if she were not heard by staff. She acknowledged a decreased desire to interact with other residents and family. She expressed feelings of hopelessness and helplessness, and she displayed a poor self-image. Because she had developed good insight and empathy for others through her professional training and life experiences, she was able to pick up on negative non-verbal cues from the staff members, such as poor eye contact, quick and abrupt body movements, sighs and groans, and rapid speech.
She interpreted these cues as an act of not caring. Maria often felt abandoned. As a result of the culminating stress, her concerns about her urinary incontinence and requests for help continued to increase. I recommended the following suggestions:. Within a couple of weeks, Maria noticed a change in her care and her overall self-image. She became less focused on her urinary incontinence as she felt she had more control over her environment. She began engaging more in her social life inside and outside of the long-term care facility.
Ultimately, she was able to connect with her inner strengths and emotional capabilities because of psychological intervention and training of staff. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
About the Author Dr. Topics: Case StudiesIncontinence.Japan has a population of about million, the tenth largest in the world, but it is unusual because its population is declining. Only a few other countries such as Italy, Germany and Russia have declining populations, but none is predicted to fall as rapidly as the population of Japan.
It also has the smallest proportion of people under the age of 15 How is the population changing? Since the s, population growth has slowed and, having peaked init is now in decline. Estimates suggest that the population will fall to million by and million by What is more worrying is that the proportion of old people will increase, and by it is estimated that one person in three will be over This will put great strain on the country.
Age-Friendly Public Health Case Studies
The changing population structure is shown in the population pyramids. Why is the population declining? Skip to content Japan has a population of about million, the tenth largest in the world, but it is unusual because its population is declining.
The women must pay for their own medical care during pregnancy, including hospital check-ups. Japanese women are not having enough children. After the birth, healthcare is only provided free for infants up to the age of three or five in some areas. Many Japanese are choosing to marry at a later age, on average between 28 and 30 years old, and this means that they have children later, or not at all. Many women also decide not to get married, choosing to study or pursue a career instead of having children.
Child benefit paid by the government to families is low and hardly enough to pay for nappies, let alone all the other costs associated with having a family. In Japanese culture bringing up children is usually left to the mothers and so the lack of childcare facilities, means that few women return to work after having their children, and many other women feel they would have to give up too much in order to have a family.
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Older Adults’ Perspectives on Successful Aging: Qualitative Interviews
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About Mission. Media Room. Contact Us. Resources For Educators. For Families. By Topic. What's New. Email Sign-up. Our work includes key topics, all connected by our commitment to forefront caring and concern for the common good at school, at home, and in our communities. You can review the list of resources below or use the dropdown to sort by topic.
For Educators: Elderly Case Study Too often the elderly are invisible to others, and perhaps especially to teenagers. As adults, we can teach students to show respect and to demonstrate compassion towards the elderly by giving students opportunities to better understand the impact of discrimination or apathy toward the elderly. We can also help students develop empathy and practice compassion and respect for the elderly in their day-to-day lives. The following case study includes a short story from multiple viewpoints and a set of questions designed to facilitate discussion about respecting and caring for the elderly and the importance of maintaining commitments and volunteering for selfless reasons.
Download the case study. Last reviewed October Caring Schools Network. Related Resources.Cite Download Share Embed. The aims of this study were to investigate work conditions in a warehouse of a large distribution company, and to advise on how to eliminate gaps between job demands and how work capacities for an ageing workforce may be maintained or increased.
The entire warehouse team of 56 employees was involved in the study, consisting of 26 males and 30 females ranging in age from 19 to 63 years. A selection of results provides a genuine illustration of an ageing workforce, which can be applicable to a wider range of employment scenarios.
The study recommends that adequate training and awareness raising are required for both employers and employees of all ages to recognise limitations, coping strategies, the advantages of flexible working practices, and safe working postures.
The findings and recommendations are of direct and practical value to a range of companies, and can contribute to training schemes in age awareness for employers and employees alike.
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